The Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding (IFGTB) was formed in April 1988. It was formed by up-gradation of the Forest Research Centre (FRC), Coimbatore under the Forest Research Institute and Colleges (FRI &C), existing since late 1950s. Other organizations and schemes viz., Forest Soil cum Vegetation Survey (FSVS), Coimbatore, Disease and Insect Survey (DIS), Coimbatore, Indo-Danish Project on Seed Procurement and Tree Improvement (IDPSPTI), Hyderabad, Tropical Pines Research Centre (TPRC), Kodaikanal, Eucalyptus Research Centre (ERC), Ooty and Environmental Research Station (ERS), Ooty were merged with the FRC to form the Institute.