Achievements

Division > Seed Technology > Achievements

Seed Technology Division

  • Seed processing, testing standards, storage methods were developed for plantation species like teak, casuarina and neem.

  • Seed handling techniques and storage methods were developed for commercially important medicinal plants like Aegle marmelos, Feronia elephantum, Emblica officinalis, Syzigium cuminii, Strychnos nux-vomica, Oroxylum indicum, Pterocarpus marsupium and Terminalia bellerica.

  • Seed storage methods were developed for RET species like Canarium strictum, Persea macrantha, Aristalochia tagala, Symplocos racemosa, Garcinia gummi-gatta, Myristica dactyloides and Embelia ribes.
    Seed production systems were established for teak, Eucalyptus, Acacias and neem.

  • Supply of fairly good quantity of quality seeds of Acacia auriculiformis, A. mangium, Casuarina equisetifolia, C. junghuhniana, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and E. tereticornis collected from the seed orchards established by this Institute to various user agencies such as farmers, state forest departments and paper industries. The demand for these seeds is increasing every years, as the yield from the plantations raised using these seeds is found to be 17% higher than the local variety.

  • Standardized post harvest techniques for Jatropha curcas, the biofuel plant. Trnansferred the technology developed to farmers, self help group and SFDs through trainings.

  • Developed species specific seed handling methods for four NTFP species namely, Calophyllum inophyllum, Sapindus emarginatus, Decalepis hamiltonii and Garcinia gummigutta. Imparted training on tese aspects to farmers and SFDs.

  • Selected superior trees of teak, multiplied clonally and established clone bank and clonal  trials of teak. The best performing clones will be recommended for clonal forestry programme.

  • Evaluated the clonal seed orchards of teak for low seed production. Developed a method for mass multiplication of CSO seedlings for operational planting programme. Teak  trials with improved planting stock of teak has been established.

  • Seed processing, testing standards, storage methods were developed for about 100 species including plantation species, commercially important medicinal species, RET species, NTFPs and TBOs.

  • Developed seed handling techniques for 15 shola species and a book in Tamil entitled, "Seed Biology and Bio-Inoculants for Shola Tree Species- A Field Guide" (Solai Vana Marangalukkana Vidhai Uyiriyal Matrum Uyir Urangal – Oru Kalappani Kaiyedu) was brought out as an outcome of this project for use by foresters. established 2 shola restoration trials – one at Kotagiri (1 ha) and other at Glenmorgan (1 ha) to study the effect of bioinoculation on performance of shola species.

  • Under tree improvement of TBO Calophyllum inophyllum Identified 156 high fruit yielding CPTs of C. inophyllum and shortlisted 40 clones high in oil yield (55% and above). Established one germplasm bank & one half sib progeny trial of C. inophyllum at Panampally, Kerala. In Tamil Nadu established 3 multilocation clonal trials of Calophyllum inophyllum one each at Gudalur (Chennai), Kurumbappati (Salem) and Neyveli

  • Under tree improvement of NTFP Sapindus emarginatus identified 133 high fruit yielding CPTs. Shortlisted 30 CPTs rich in saponin content (13% and above). Established one germplasm bank of S. emarginatus at Panampally (Kerala). In Tamil Nadu established 4 trials one each at Gudalur (Chennai), Kurumbappati (Salem), Neyveli and Thuvarankurichi (Trichy)

  • Under tree improvement of fast growing native tree Neolamarckia cadamba, indentified 100 CPTs. Established germplasm bank at Gudalur (Chennai. Also raised multilocation trials at 3 places – Neyveli, Nagercoil and Panampally.

  • Established multilocation trials and second generation Eucalyptus seed orchards in South India and released two clones of Eucalyptus camaldulensis for high productivity.

  • Standardized post harvest techniques for Jatropha curcas, the biofuel plant. Transferred the technology developed to farmers, self help group and SFDs through trainings.

  • Studied and identified biochemical markers such as Proline,, Protein and Phenol for salinity tolerance in Cauarina equisetifolia

  • Selected superior trees of teak, multiplied clonally and established clone bank and clonal trials of teak. The best performing clones will be recommended for clonal forestry programme.

  • Evaluated the clonal seed orchards of teak for low seed production. Developed a method for mass multiplication of CSO seedlings for operational planting programme. Teak trials with improved planting stock of teak has been established.

  • Organized the National Workshop on Tree Seed Science and Silviculture during 28th and 29th November 2103 in collaboration with FLUCC division.

  • Conducted periodical trainings to farmers and foresters on seed handling techniques, certification and practical approaches on seed source selection of forestry species.

  • As a part of the Forest Genetic Resource management Network of the Institute, brought out 1) the Recommendations and 2) the Proceedings of the Consultative Workshop on Strategies for Formulation of FGRMN which were instrumental to highlight the role of the Institute/ the Council at both national and international forum.

  • Played an important role in compilation and preparation of the country report on FGR for submission to FAO for preparation of State of World's FGR.

  • Published a book on 'Forest Seed Science and Technology’ commemorating 25 years of Seed Technology Research at IFGTB'.

  • Supply of quality seeds of Eucalyptus camaldulensis E. tereticornis Acacia auriculiformis, A. mangium, Casuarina equisetifolia, C. junghuhniana from the seed orchards to various user agencies such as farmers, state forest departments and paper industries is undertaken by the division. Indigenous seeds such as Teak, Neem, Pongamia, Melia dubia, Soapnut, Cadamba, Calop[hy;llum inophyllum, Ailanthus excelsa, and Gmelina arborea collected from CPTs are also being supplied to various stakeholders