Forestry, Land use & Climate Change

1) Thrust Areas
 

Carry out research in the fields of

  1. Sustainable Forest Management (SFM) and developing Planted Forest Code and   Forest certification.
  2. Development of mitigation and adaptation strategies to combat climate change
  3. Assessment of carbon sequestration potential of different ecosystems and individual tree species
  4. Developing strategies for appropriate land use and land-use change
  5. Precision silviculture for improving the productivity of plantations
  6. Clonal forestry & quality planting stock production
  7. Agro forestry and farm forestry
  8. Forest sociology including Participatory Forest Management
  9. Reclamation and afforestation of environmentally degraded sites
  10. Forest economics and ecological economics
  11. Forest ecology including forest
  1. influences
2) Nursery Activities

Nursery translates the fruits of Tree Improvement activities into quality planting stock.  All the efforts taken for increasing the productivity will become null and void if the quality of the planting stock produced is undermined due to faulty nursery operations.  Production of quality planting stock with well-developed root system will result in better survival and faster growth resulting in better returns from the plantations.  The use of improved potting media containing compost will result in the conservation of topsoil apart from production of disease free seedlings, which subsequently results in better survival rates in the field, after out planting.

Nursery techniques have been standardized for the large scale production of quality planting stock of the economically important tree species viz., Azadirachta indica, Acacia nilotica, Acacia leucophloea, Acacia auriculiformis, Albizia amara, Casuarina equisetifolia, Eucalyptus tereticornis, Tectona grandis, Tamarindus indica, , Dalbergia latifolia, Eucalyptus camaldulensis and Pongamia glabraIntroduction of root trainers for quality seedling production, usage of improved and enriched potting media and the usage of biofertilizers to improve the seedling quality are some of the techniques adopted by the institute to produce the improved quality planting stock over the conventionally produced seedlings.

As part of Planting Stock Improvement Programme of the Institute of Forest Genetics & Tree Breeding (IFGTB), Coimbatore, a model nursery has been established within the Forest Campus, Coimbatore with a capacity to produce 5 lakh seedlings per year including vegetative propagules.  A comprehensive training programme for developing a modern root trainer nursery facility with captive clone banks, vegetative propagation facilities, production facilities for the improved and species specific potting media as well as for the production of compost has been developed for use by the different user agencies. These technologies are being transferred to the different user groups’ viz., farmers, staff of the forest departments, forest development corporations, students of forest colleges and the trainees of the State forest service colleges and the Indian Forest Service through lecture sessions as well as though practical training programmes.

3) Vegetative Multiplication Garden

Under the World Bank aided FREE Project’s Vegetative Multiplication Garden component of the Planting Stock Improvement Programme, the Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore created Clone Banks / Vegetative Multiplication Gardens at suitable locations of Tamilnadu, Kerala and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands - for ushering in clonal forestry on a large scale - with the active participation of the Tamilnadu, Kerala and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands Forest Departments. 

The clones of Eucalyptus, Casuarina and Teak, selected by the various agencies involved in tree improvement programmes viz., State Forest Departments, Forest Development Corporations, Forestry Research Institutes and Pulpwood and Rayon industries were procured and assembled in these Clone Bank / Vegetative Multiplication Gardens.  For species wherein large numbers of clones were not available, selection of Candidate Plus Trees (CPT’s) was carried out by IFGTB, as in the case of Casuarina equisetifolia

Amongst the large number of clones assembled under this project, those of the clones tested and known for their genotypic stability were assembled in large numbers, as Vegetative Multiplication Gardens for the purpose of mass multiplication by the user agencies and deployment in operational planting programmes.  The untested clones and the recently selected clones were assembled in the clone banks with the objective of including larger number of clones with less number of ramets per clone.

In all, 216 clones of selected CPT’s of Casuarina equisetifolia, 351 clones of selected CPT’s of eucalyptus sp., 129 clones of selected CPT’s of Tectona grandis, 59 clones of selected CPT’s of Tamarindus indica and  11 clones of selected CPT’s of Emblica officinalis have been assembled in these Clone Banks / Vegetative Multiplication Gardens.  The location and extent of the Clone Banks/Vegetative Multiplication Gardens along with the number of clones available in them is given in the table below:

Location and extent of Clone banks / Multiplication gardens:


Species
Location Area No. Of clones Purpose
Tectona grandis Yemangad, Nilambur, Kerala 2.8 ha 90 Clone bank

 

Yemangad, Nilambur, Kerala 1 ha 36 Clone bank

 

IFGTB field station, Panampally, Kerala 0.2 ha 63 Clone bank
Eucalyptus sp. Neyveli, Tamilnadu 4.0 ha 9 Multiplication garden

 

Neyveli, Tamilnadu 1.0 ha 118 Clone bank

 

Perungalathur, Tamilnadu 0.5 ha 16 Multiplication garden

 

Kulathupuzha, Kerala 1.0 ha 197 Clone bank

 

IFGTB field station, Panampally, Kerala 0.8 ha. 121 Clone bank
Tamarindus indica. Forest Campus, Coimbatore 0.5 ha. 59 Clone bank
Emblica officinalis. Forest Campus, Coimbatore 0.3 ha. 11 Clone bank
Casuarina equisetifolia Neyveli, Tamilnadu 1.0 ha. 160 Clone bank

 

Kulathupuzha, Kerala 0.5 ha. 99 Clone bank

 

Nayashar, Andaman & Nicobar Islands 0.5 ha. 92 Clone bank

 

Forest Campus, Coimbatore 0.2 ha. 143 Clone bank

4) Reclamation of mined areas, mine spoils and other problem areas

a) Utilization of fly ash in Agriculture and Forestry

Under an externally aided project – funded by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board - aimed at the utilization of fly ash in Agriculture and Forestry, several agricultural crops viz. paddy, tapioca, sweet potato, ginger, turmeric, ground nut, green gram, black gram and medicinal plants viz. senna, jatropha have been found to yield more by mixing 7 – 15 MT of fly ash / Ha. compared to the untreated control. Similarly several forestry species viz. Casuarina, Eucalyptus, Pongamia, Neem, Sandal wood, Rose wood etc has been grown successfully after mixing fly ash of different quantities. Reclamation of fly ash dumps of several meters depths, of both the saline and non-saline environments, is also being attempted with suitable species

. b) Afforestation studies in problem soils of Tamil Nadu

In order to ameliorate the mines overburdens and reduce the pollution caused by them, the Silviculture division of the Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding Coimbatore is carrying out afforestation and productivity studies in the mine overburdens of the Limestone mine dumps and the Quartz sand dumps of the Associated Cement Company at Madukkarai in Coimbatore district and at the magnesite mine dumps of the Burn Standard Company, Salem. Silviculture Division is also involved in the afforestation of Bauxite mine dumps at Yercaud in the Shervaroy Hills.

The Silviculture division is also providing consultancy to the Burn Standard Company, Salem and the Associated Cement Company at Madukkarai in Coimbatore district in their afforestation activities.

Human Resources
Name Designation Contact Number Email ID
R.S.C.Jayaraj, IFS CF, Head 2484103 jayaraj@icfre.org
K.Ravichandran, IFS DCF 2484113 kravi@icfre.org
M.Maria Dominic Savio Scientist - D 2484143 dominic@icfre.org
Dr.C.Buvaneswaran Scientist - D 2484198 buvanesc@icfre.org
S.Saravanan Scientist - D 2484142 saravanans@icfre.org
Dr.A.Vijayaraghavan Scientist - C 2484191 vijayaraghavana@icfre.org
D.Chellasamy DCF, Asst.Silva & Head Coordinator (F), H.O. 2484111 chellasamy@icfre.org
Shujauddin Asst.Silva 2484141 shujauddin@icfre.org